A-Z guide: Agile marketing explained
As Agile marketing continues to gain ground in B2B circles, words such as 'Scrum', 'Epic' and 'Sprint' are leading to equal measures of intrigue and confusion...
So to clear things up, we've broken down some of the key terms - many originate from the world of Agile software development, although some have been adapted to work for marketing.
This is essentially your to-do list. In Scrum you'd usually have a Product Backlog and a Sprint Backlog – the former being your longer-term to-do list, the latter being the list of tasks you want to achieve in your next sprint. The purpose of Sprint planning meetings is to prioritise and decide what goes from the Product Backlog to the Sprint Backlog.
This is a set of User Stories over the course of a few weeks or months – in other words a campaign.
This is another Agile framework – Scrumban is a mix of the above-mentioned Scrum and Kanban.
This is a visualisation of a team’s workflow, most often indicating work in the Backlog, work in progress, what’s awaiting approval and what’s done.
The nominated person within the organisation who oversees an Agile team, but isn’t necessarily involved in the team’s day-to-day activities. This person has a more strategic role and often coordinates with senior management, for example.
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This is a meeting at the end of each Sprint to discuss what went well, what could have been better, and things to remember for future sprints. This meeting is usually facilitated by the Scrum Master.
Agile project management (in the software development world) can be carried out in a number of different ways. Scrum is one such framework, and generally the most commonly adopted in marketing.
The nominated person within an Agile team who leads Sprint planning meetings, stand-up meetings and retrospectives. It’s possible to become a certified Scrum Master (another way of learning the role).
These are blocks of two to four weeks of work. Each sprint starts with a Sprint planning meeting, when the team decides the goals for the Sprint ahead. It’s bookended with a retrospective, when the team discusses what went well, what didn’t, and learnings for future sprints.
This is a time-boxed meeting (around one hour) during which the team plays back what it’s achieved and demos any working functionality or prototype.
These are daily meetings where the team discusses what each team member achieved the day before, their tasks for the day ahead and any blockers. This is facilitated by the Scrum Master.
This is a tool which allows marketers to better understand their target audience (and personas) and their viewpoint. Often written on a large index card, they follow the format: “As a [role], I want to [task], so that I can [goal or benefit].”